Signs the international community are moving away from their commitment to globalisation has been reinforced with the release of the latest CIPS Risk Index. Risk relating to global supply chains has reached its highest levels since 2013 due to a convergence of international issues including uncertainty around the post-Brexit relationship between the UK and the European Union as well as economic and political instability across the Middle East.
Global supply chain risk Q3 2016
The Index, produced for the Chartered Institute of Procurement & Supply (CIPS) conducted by Dun & Bradstreet economists, tracks the impact of economic and political developments on the stability of global supply chains. The upward trend in supply chain risk can be partly attributed to a breakdown in political consensus over globalisation, with the World Trade Organisation reporting an average of 22 new trade restrictive measures introduced each month in its latest report.
According to Bodhi Ganguli, Lead Economist, Dun & Bradstreet, the CIPS Risk Index reflected the general unease about the state of the global economy with its increase in operational risk.
“Political and economic uncertainties, such as the extent of the growth slowdown in China, emerging markets’ financial vulnerabilities, the impact of terrorism on cross-border movements, and the fallout from Brexit, continue to weigh on global business sentiment,” Mr Ganguli said.
In addition, growing disillusionment with globalisation is contributing to political risk. Elections over the next 12 months are expected to see gains for far-right parties across the globe. Incumbent governments are also demonstrating worrying responses to the growing issue of cross border movements with the Australian government proposing radical changes to immigration policy in response to perceived terrorist threats stemming from violence in the Middle East.
All told, increased political and economic risk globally is beginning to effect the bottom line of businesses as they look to navigate an increasingly hostile global trade and supply market.
Mark Lamb, General Manager of CIPS Asia Pacific, said: “Supply chain managers are facing a new wave of impediments to the flow of goods across borders. With international trade deals under threat around the world, supply chain managers must be as aware of political risks as they are of natural disasters and economic hardship.”
Asia Pacific has bucked the global trend with slight improvements in risk levels for domestic businesses. Australian suppliers in particular have benefited from rising coal and iron ore prices together with an increase in national defence spending. In the short-term, Australian businesses are also showing improved payment performance. Of concern is a continued reliance on an unstable Chinese economy. A major issue likely to have deep effects on Asian trade is the recent bankruptcy of South Korea’s Hanjin Shipping. Responsible for 3 per cent of global shipping, it has left cargo as large as $14bn unable to dock. The bankruptcy is likely to have wide-ranging impact on trans-Pacific and Asia-Europe supply chains.
A further breakdown of region-specific results shows the highest increases in risk can be found in Western & Eastern Europe, Central Asia, the Middle East, and North & Sub-Saharan Africa, while there is Improved risk in the Asia Pacific region.